Hurricane Season: With No Changes on Industrial Farms, N.C.’s Not Ready


Crystal Coast Waterkeeper Larry Baldwin shot the photo below from a small plane over North Carolina on Sept. 17, 2018. Look closely to the right of the truck, and you’ll see a pump from an industrial hog operation that’s piping raw hog waste into floodwaters following Hurricane Florence.

It’s a visual example of how $15 billion multi-national Smithfield Foods, which owns most of the state’s 10 million hogs, treats the state as an outhouse.

Photo by Larry Baldwin

The company and its contractors store hog feces and urine in open pits, most the size of Olympic swimming pools. Then, using power sprayers, they spray that untreated waste on cropland. Imagine what that smells like. And imagine where it goes: A professor of civil engineering at a recent nuisance trial tested nearby homes and found bacteria from hog feces on 17 of 19 houses a half mile away.

This “lagoon and sprayfield” system is especially vulnerable to flooding during hurricanes.

During 1999’s Hurricane Floyd, 26 hog cesspools ruptured and another 45 were damaged. As a result, approximately 120 million gallons of untreated hog waste flooded into the Cape Fear, Neuse, New, Pamlico, and Tar rivers, contaminating every river basin in the eastern part of the state and leaving a legacy of pathogenic bacteria-contaminated soils.

This archaic system has failed repeatedly, most recently just last year. Following Hurricane Florence, 33 open cesspools of hog waste flooded North Carolina’s waterways, according to the state’s Department of Environmental Quality. One of those cesspools alone dumped 2.2 million gallons of raw pig waste into the state’s waters, according to the department.

These problems will only worsen in the face of climate change and increasingly frequent and severe storms. Indeed, most lagoon and sprayfield systems were constructed only to handle what the law calls a “25-year, 24-hour” storm. But, along with Hurricane Matthew, Hurricane Florence was the second 500-year storm to hit North Carolina in the last three years.

And the threats to water quality posed by improper waste management at concentrated animal feeding operations are not limited to the hog industry in North Carolina. The state’s poultry industry, which is the third largest in the U.S, is just as vulnerable.

Florence CAFO Flooding

Photo by Rick Dove

The North Carolina Department of Agriculture reported that 4.1 million chickens and turkeys drowned or starved during the fall 2018 flooding after Hurricane Florence.

Of 35 poultry operations that flooded last fall, 18 were also flooded by Hurricane Matthew in 2016. Worse still, Florence-related flooding showed how unchecked industry expansion increases threats to our waters: At least nine poultry operations inundated by Hurricane Florence didn’t even exist in 2016.

Hurricane season starts June 1.

There are still Olympic-pool-size pits full of hog waste (often more than one) at 2,200 North Carolina hog operations. Not one has been removed from the floodplain since Florence. The state has at least 4,700 large-scale poultry operations, and no prohibition on building new ones in the floodplain.

As a result, North Carolina is no better prepared for this hurricane season than it was for last hurricane season.

It’s past time North Carolina demanded industrial animal move to waste management systems that don’t imperil our air and our water.


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